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Four species in two genera are found in south-western and tropical East Africa and in Madagascar.

[Summary yet to be added]


One species is found in southern Africa. The leaf contains an acrid, pungent principle (Watt & Breyer-Brandwijk 1962).


  • Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG (1962) The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. Being an account of their medicinal and other uses, chemical composition, pharmacological effects and toxicology in man and animal, 2nd edn. Edinburgh: E & S Livingstone [WorldCat] [url]

Richard J. Schmidt [Valid HTML 4.01!]

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