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200 species in nine genera are found from tropical Africa to the Pacific region. Eight genera are found in Australia.
Furanocoumarins have been isolated from this family (Hegnauer 1971).
- Bursaria spinosa Cav.
- (syns Cyrilla spinosaSpreng., Itea spinosa Andrews)
- Australian Blackthorn, Australian Boxthorn, Christmas Bush, Prickly Box, Sweet Bursaria
A man developed squamous carcinoma of the skin of the forehead at the site of a boxthorn prickle puncture injury. Tetanus followed a penetrating wound by a boxthorn prickle (Cleland 1925). Boxthorn is also a common name for Buxus.
The Australian boxthorn mentioned by Cleland (1925) is probably Bursaria spinosa (Woods and Calnan 1976).
- Pittosporum eugenioides A.Cunn.
- (syns Pittosporum elegans Raoul, Pittosporum enkianthoides R.Cunn. & Hügel in Putt., Pittosporum microcarpum Putt.)
- Hedge Laurel, Lemon Wood
The wood is said to have produced dermatitis (Schwartz et al. 1957).
- Pittosporum phillyraeoides DC.
- (syns Pittosporum acacioides A.Cunn., Pittosporum longifolium Putt., Pittosporum roeanum Putt.)
- Cheesewood, Weeping Pittosporum, Willow
Gardner & Bennetts (1956), citing Webb (1948a), noted that a decoction from this tree drunk and applied for pruritus and eczema has been used in Queensland.
- Cleland, J.B. (1925) Plants including fungi, poisonous or otherwise injurious to man in Australia. (Series II) Med. J. Australia 2: 443.
- Gardner CA, Bennetts HW (1956) The Toxic Plants of Western Australia. Perth: West Australian Newspapers [WorldCat]
- Hegnauer, R. (1971) Chemical patterns and relationships of Umbelliferae. In: The Biology and Chemistry of the Umbelliferae ed. Heywood, V.H. Bot. J. Linnaean Soc. 64(Suppl): 267-277.
- Schwartz, L., Tulipan, L. and Birmingham, D.J. (1957) Occupational Diseases of the Skin. 3rd edn. Philadelphia Lea and Febiger. pp. 637-672.
- Webb LJ (1948a) Guide to medicinal and poisonous plants of Queensland. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. Bulletin 232
- Woods B, Calnan CD (1976) Toxic woods. British Journal of Dermatology 95(Suppl 13): 1-97 [doi] [url] [url-2] [pmid]